Screening

Concept


According to the EIA EP, aim of the screening is the decision, if the EIA procedure should be applied to a special project or not. For defined projects (see EIA EP Annex 1, marked with "X" in column 1), an EIA is compulsory due to the scale, extent or range of potential impact factors always. In this case, there is no need for further information.

Other projects, marked with "G" or "S" in column 2, may only affect the environmental components if conditions at the intendet location are critical or of high sensitivity. To distinguish the critical projets from the harmless, a case by case decision is necessary

  • to avoid needless efforts and information for projects with non significant effects on the one hand,
  • to ensure the assessment of any project with likely significant effects on the environmental components on the other hand.
To meet the demands of the EIA EP, the information have to regard all criteria of EIA EP Annex 2.
 

Necessary Information


In order to enable the licensing authority to make good decisions, basic information submitted by the developer is necessary concerning

  • type of project and characteristics to identify the major impact factors,
  • condition of the environmental components at destined site (or different sites, if alternatives are to be investigated),
  • an estimation about the likely effects on the environment.
This document can be signed as "Screening Proposal".

Workflow


Step 1

At first, check the application form of the developer, if the proposed project is part of EIA EP Annex 1 Column 1 marked with "X". In this case, you don't need further information. Proceed with next task Scoping.

If the project is listed in EIA EP Annex 1 column 2 marked with "G" (requirement of a General Screening) or "S" (requirement of a Site related Screening), proceed with Step 2.

 

Step 2

Within this step, you have to estimate due to a simple overall examination if the projects impacts are likely to cause significant adverse effects to the environment. Therefore, you need the corresponding information by the developer, a Screening Proposal.

If you did not already receive a Screening Proposal, ask the developer for it to submit. To avoid misunderstandings and time delay, submit a form to the developer which comprehenses all Screening criteria of EIA EP Annex 2 in a table or questionaire to be completed by the developer.

Notice:

The decision, if a full EIA procedure shall be performed, is your opinion based on the gathered information. It is a simple estimation under uncertainty because of the small data baseline at this early stage of the EIA process. In case of doubt about the expected environmental impacts, you should always decide to continue the EIA procedure by proceeding to the next task Scoping. If you need support, asked other environmental related authorities for their opinion.

 

There are two options, proceeding with Screening:

  1. If the project is listed in Annex 1 Column 2 marked with "G", all criteria of Annex 2 (characteristics of project, location of project and characteristics of potential impacts) have to be regarded.
  2. If the project is listed in Annex 1 Column 2 marked with "S", only the criteria of Annex 2 No. 2 (location of project) have to be regarded.

Nevertheless, all criteria are important for the opinion if a full EIA procedure should be carried out or not. So the difference between the two options is actually not that important. The main question to be answered within the screening is, if significant impacts on the environment are likely or not. Therefore, you should regard following principles:

  • As a basic principle, you should decide positive and proceed with Scoping, if just one of the criterias listed in Annex 2 is fulfilled.
  • If there are environmentally sensitive areas as listed in the Annex 2 No. 2 at the proposed site of the project, even a small scaled project can cause serious environmental damages or risks. So the barrier or threshold is much lower to cause adverse effects and therefore an EIA should be performed.
  • If the project itself is due to the type or scale or impact factors typically able to cause environmental damages, a EIA should be carried out.

 

Step 3

Concluding this task, you should record the results in a protocol and submit it together with the decision to the developer. If you have involved or asked other authorities for support, you should do so as well.

> Screening Checklist (PDF)

> Screening Checklist (office document)

 

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